Inadequate sanitation facilities with rising population and declining vegetation cover in most villages have aggravated the problem, especially for women and young girls. Reluctance to construct toilets is largely due lack of awareness and paucity of space in closely settled villages. Those who have constructed the costlier water-based toilets are unable to keep them clean due to scarcity of water. Resultantly the majority of members prefer going out in the open. The concerns regarding high cost of construction and availability of water and carrying it on a daily basis is yet another reason why sanitation facilities elude the majority of households in remote and far flung villages.
Composting toilets in the mountain region is a suitable option, especially in remote areas where traditional sewer line or septic tanks construction is not possible or very costly. These toilets use little or no water, do not stink and once properly made can last for 8 to 10 years for a family of six. Under this intervention two different models will be promoted with location specific modification. Presently the combined processing model is being constructed on a pilot scale.
It is well recognized that any compost toilet programme also requires an education intervention in order to ensure that the principles of use and maintenance are clearly understood and accepted by the user group. Therefore awareness generation through serial meetings and onsite training on construction of eco toilets will be integral part of the strategy to ensure wider replication.